The atheist cannot account for (1) the existence of laws of logic, (2) why they are immaterial, (3) why they are universal, (4) why they do not change with time, and (5) how human beings can possibly know about them or their properties. The cosmological argument for the existence of god essay the cosmological argument for the existence of god according to st john 8:31-32 said, if you remain in my word, you will truly be my disciples, and you will know the truth and the truth shall set you free. Gödel's ontological proof is a formal argument by the mathematician kurt gödel (1906-1978) for god's existence more precisely, it presupposes the notion of positive and negative properties, and proves the necessary existence of an object which each positive property, but no negative property, applies to. Immanuel kant: philosophy of religion immanuel kant (1724-1804) focused on elements of the philosophy of religion for about half a century─from the mid-1750s, when he started teaching philosophy, until after his retirement from academia. Discussion of the existence of god there is a lot of argument about does god exist or not exist it was long time every person wanted to prove the existence of god some people argued that god exist and proved by many philosophical theories or scientific basics and religion reasons.
The existence of god is a subject of debate in the philosophy of religion and popular culture a wide variety of arguments for and against the existence of god can be categorized as metaphysical, logical, empirical, or subjective. The argument from reason for the nonexistence of god (2001) steven j conifer [the following essay is derived from my forthcoming book, the plausibility of atheism: eight essays in the philosophy of religion, which shall be available via amazoncom by june of 2001. The existence of god essay - truth, what is truth this question itself has a thousand answers, no person can ever be sure of what truth is rather, truth can be justified, it can checked for reliability with strong evidences and logic.
The existence of god can be proved in five ways our senses prove that some things are in motion the sequence of motion cannot extend ad infinitum. For anselm, using logic that can be deducted about god, it is clear to see that god's existence is necessary in the second ontological argument from anselm, god is the greatest being possible it is greater to exist by necessity than by contingence, it is therefore, impossible for god to not exist. In any conversation about the existence of god, it's just a matter of time before the so-called five proofs of st thomas aquinas come up these short arguments in question 2, article 3 of the first part of aquinas's magnum opus, the summa theologiae , are frequently used in debates between atheists and theists. So, in order to support and prove the existence of god, he stated that there was and is an existing being that created all the creatures that are found in the universe which needs to support then as its responsibility. Home philosophy of religion question: logic cannot prove the existence of god, discuss answer: this statement is very talked about in our world today, there are many people on both sides, those who agree, and those who don't, there are obviously key concepts and theories these people base their understanding on.
This could be considered a strength of the ontological argument for god's existence the fact that if you use the word god, then you, yourself must have an understanding of the meaning of the word to use the word we show we have an idea of god which exists in our minds. Others argue that faith doesn't need logic in order to prove the existence of god, through believing in his existence he exists, alongside knowledge from revelation in the bible kant argues that existence is not a predicate of god, it adds nothing to our knowledge of god, and so we cannot just assume that he exists. Descartes' ontological (or a priori) argument is both one of the most fascinating and poorly understood aspects of his philosophyfascination with the argument stems from the effort to prove god's existence from simple but powerful premises. Existence of god the question as to the fact on whether or not god exists or ceases to exist has been one of the most debated human beings find it necessary to prove the existence of god so that we can give meaning to life.
Descarte would argue that logic can be used to prove the existence of god, he believes that god has instilled in humans an idea of god, which is that he is perfect, in this descarte agrees with anselm he then however, writes that we cannot talk of god unless he exists as a part of being god is existing. Published: mon, 5 dec 2016 st thomas aquinas attempted to prove the existence of god and his divine qualities in the book he wrote, the summa theologica, which included his famous work known as the five ways  in the five ways, aquinas selects two objections to the existence of god to disprove, to set forth in proving the existence of god. Pascal's wager about god blaise pascal (1623-1662) offers a pragmatic reason for believing in god: even under the assumption that god's existence is unlikely, the potential benefits of believing are so vast as to make betting on theism rational. If i define god as myself, for example, i can prove my existence and from that, logically prove the existence of god most would argue, however, that i am not the god they had in mind if one includes the trait of supernatural as one of god's traits, this places god outside the realm of empirical consideration and therefore outside of reason.
In the meditation five, descartes attempts to prove his hypothesis of the existence of god based on the theory of clarity and distinctness of perception he begins this theory by mentioning that ideas of certain things which are outside of him have their own truth and natures. God does not exist people exist things in the universe exist the planets in their courses exist while there are clear limits to our knowledge, everyone knows what it means to exist.
In conclusion, after looking at paley's, hume's, dawkins' and swinburne's beliefs and arguments i would say that is mostly agree with the statement that the design argument cannot prove god's existence. Thought this argument, it is not necessary to find the physical evidence of god's existence as we can prove god's existence by logic however, the successful of this argument is controversial critics argue the statement is not persuasivethere are some general objections to ontological arguments. Aquinas' arguments for the existence of god in summa theologica, question 2, article 3, aquinas attempts to prove the existence of god he begins with two objections, which will not be addressed here, and continues on to state five arguments for the existence of god. Moral arguments for god's existence form a diverse family of arguments that reason from some feature of morality or the moral life to the existence of god, usually understood as a morally good creator of the universe.