Religion (din) is an all-round movement in the light of faith in allah and a sense of responsibility for the formation of thought and belief, for the promotion of high principles of human morality for the establishment of good relations among members of the society and the elimination of every sort of undue discrimination. As an informal means, religion regulates the activities of people in its own way organisation like temples, mosques, church, gurudwaras etc also control the behavior of the individuals at different level 6 religion promotes welfare: religion teaches to the people to serve the masses and promote their welfare. The functionalist perspective on religion finds its roots in the works of early sociologist emile durkheim, who emphasized that religion is essential to the maintenance of society he suggested that religion is a cultural universal found in all societies because it meets basic human needs and serves important societal functions. Moreover, here the meta-institution of government obviously has a pivotal directive and integrative role in relation to other institutions and their inter-relationships, even though government is itself simply one institution within the larger society.
Religion does play a major role because it's usually the moral foundation of society you can learn a lot about a society by its' religion american society is largely built on a protestant work ethic, so we tend to view work as moral and vital to our health. Durkheim viewed religion within the context of the entire society and acknowledged its place in influencing the thinking and behavior of the members of society durkheim found that people tend to separate religious symbols, objects, and rituals, which are sacred, from the daily symbols, objects, and routines of existence referred to as the profane. Karl marx in particular looked at religion as a source of conflict—a divisive rather than a cohesive power within society marx argued that religion is a tool that helps maintain the status quo.
Social institutions a social institution is a complex, integrated set of social norms organized around the preservation of a basic societal value obviously, the sociologist does not define institutions in the same way, as does the person on the street. These functions are performed by the family since its very formation these include: (i) satisfaction of sexual desires: sexual desires are basic human instincts it is an important function performed by the family but every society has social control over an individual's sex desires in its own. The function of religion in a society is often to explain to the people in that society their primal origins, the nature of life, the function and aims of life and.
Given the need to come to some understanding of things that are not understandable within society, it becomes clear that the birth of religion was a consequence of the gradual realisation by the human race of its awareness of cause and effect. The role of a family in a society is essentially to teach children skills, morals and values that will help them become better people and will, in turn, allow them to be productive in society while children learn skills, values and ethics from other places later on in life, such as school, work and. Using the works of tillich and noss, it will highlight religion's belief in the supernatural, its inclusion of a moral code, and its use of prescribed ritual acts. Legislators should seek constitutionally appropriate ways to explore the impact of religious practice on society and, where appropriate, recognize its role god-image as a function of self. These all functions are important aspects of society and if the duties should be performed in a proper and organized way than every society can improve even pakistani society also so, as a citizen its our duty to respect all the institutions and respect its functions for a betterment of society.
Religious influences political system: religion has played a significant role in political system in the ancient and medieval society even in modern times in many countries of the world the religion directly and indirectly also influences political activities. Functions of religion the structural-functional approach to religion has its roots in emile durkheim's work on religion durkheim argued that religion is, in a sense, the celebration and even (self-) worship of human society. View of religion in classical sociology classical, seminal sociological theorists of the late 19th and early 20th century such as émile durkheim, max weber, and karl marx were greatly interested in religion and its effects on society. This is a functionalist interpretation of religion: understanding religion is dependent upon what social purpose religion itself serves, not the content of its beliefs marx's opinion is that religion is an illusion that provides reasons and excuses to keep society functioning just as it is.
In the study of the functions of religion in ghana, the manifest and latent functions (giddens,1993), proposed by robert k merton (1910-2003), is applied to establish the main influence(s) of religion (manifest) on society and the influences that are not envisaged (latent. Social functions and dysfunctions of religion social scientists have analyzed religion in terms of what it does for the individual, community or society through its functions and dysfunctions many of these social scientists are known to belong to the tradition of functionalist thought. Religion is a cultural universal because it fulfills several basic functions within human societies it is a basic requirement of group life in sociological terms, these include both manifest and latent functions among the manifest (open and stated) functions of religion are included defining the spiritual world and giving meaning to the divine.
In short, both religion and religious freedom contribute to a more peaceful, stable and charitable society religion's constitutional protection for these full effects to take hold, the protection of religious freedom must extend beyond just worship. Religious people will most likely possess a strong belief in the idea of being healed successfully through god or other divine beings and so as a result, religious and spiritual people have been shown to have a higher ability to experience healing of their own mind and body. Religion and religious-based institutions help to shape the framework of society and helps to protect the right to religious freedom not all society's offer religious freedom, with some countries demanding the practice of one religion and others going to war to create a religious dominance.
Structural functionalism and other early sociological theories of religion emphasized how religion was used within society while deeming the concept of gods as unimportant. Religion serves several functions for society these include (a) giving meaning and purpose to life, (b) reinforcing social unity and stability, (c) serving as an agent of social control of behavior, (d) promoting physical and psychological well-being, and (e) motivating people to work for positive social change. Leaders who adopted religions were able to use certain codes of that religion to advance their personal agendas, such as justifying wars religion had a role in determining status in a society a pagan in a christian civilization would be of lower status.