Iodine deficiency is the leading cause of preventable mental retardation, a result which occurs primarily when babies or small children are rendered hypothyroidic by a lack of the element the addition of iodine to table salt has largely eliminated this problem in the wealthier nations, but as of march 2006, iodine deficiency remained a serious. Marriages in family not only cause mental retardation but it enhances the risk of other diseases i am a pakistani and a proud muslim my religion says accept the things that have logic. Mental retardation n subnormal intellectual development or functioning that is the result of congenital causes, brain injury, or disease and is characterized by any of various deficiencies, ranging from impaired learning ability to social and vocational inadequacy mental deficiency. Different types of mental illness offer different experiences, and symptoms may vary from person-to-person, even when they share the same diagnosis fact: the medical community recognizes more than 200 classified types of #mentalillness. February 2002, surgeon general's report on health disparities and mental retardation: the office of the surgeon general is aware that there is a controversy around the use of the term mental retardation and that self-advocacy groups and professional associations are currently discussing various alternatives such as cognitive developmental disabilities and intellectual disabilities.
Intellectual disability is a condition diagnosed before age 18 that includes below-average intellectual function and a lack of skills necessary for daily living in the past, the term mental retardation was used to describe this condition. 5) mental retardation is a disability, not a disease 6) there are countless agencies that provide a wide variety of assistance to people with mental retardation from privately run agencies and state-run agencies, to non-profit and for-profit agencies, there are many different ways to get help. There are many different psychological disorders, mental disorders, illnesses, and other general causes that can have psychomotor retardation as a symptom these can include: psychological disorders - mood, eating, anxiety, and more.
Fragile x syndrome, also called x‐linked mental retardation, causes developmental delays in male maternal relatives and is the most common inherited form of mental retardation trisomy 21, also known as down syndrome, is the most common genetic cause of mental retardation. Efforts at the prevention of mental retardation usually take four tacks, based on the different causes of the condition genetic: prenatal screening for genetic disorders, along with genetic counseling for those families in which there is a risk for known inherited disorders, may help reduce the risk of a child being born with inherited mental retardation. There are many causes of mental retardation, including genetic and chromosomal disorders, infections during pregnancy, drug and alcohol use during pregnancy, problems with the birth or delivery, prematurity and low family iq in general.
The definition of mental retardation has evolved over the years prior categorizations of mental retardation, defined solely by iq, have largely been abandoned in favor of an approach that looks at how much support the retarded person needs in various areas of his or her life at any given time. The cause for autism isn't exactly known but a strong genetic predisposition is thought suspected whereas causes for mental retardation are congenital disorders like down's syndrome, klinefelter's syndrome etc hypoxia during labor or birth, exposure to certain toxins like alcohol and smoking during pregnancy and deficiency of iodine. Today, fas remains the leading known preventable cause of mental retardation (3) behavioral and neurological problems associated with prenatal alcohol exposure may lead to poor academic performance as well as legal and employment difficulties in adolescence and adulthood (4. Growth retardation occurs when your fetus doesn't develop at a normal rate it's widely referred to as intrauterine growth restriction (iugr. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'mental retardation' views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of merriam-webster or its editors.
Causes of mental retardation include defects in the genes or chromosomes , injuries or conditions that develop while a fetus is developing in the womb, diseases of early childhood, and environmental influences. Mental retardation (mr) is a developmental disability that first appears in children under the age of 18 it is defined as a level of intellectual functioning (as measured by standard intelligence tests ) that is well below average and results in significant limitations in the person's daily living skills (adaptive functioning. Without treatment, phenylalanine builds up in the blood and causes intellectual disability down syndrome is an example of a chromosomal disorder chromosomal disorders happen sporadically and are caused by too many or too few chromosomes, or by a change in structure of a chromosome. Mental retardation is a developmental disability that first appears in children under the age of 18 it is defined as an intellectual functioning level (as measured by standard tests for intelligence quotient) that is well below average and significant limitations in daily living skills (adaptive.
Treatment of mental retardation depends on the underlying cause in some cases, such as phenylketonuria and congenital hypothyroidism , special diets or medical treatments can help in all cases, special education starting as early in infancy as possible can help people with mental retardation maximize their abilities. What causes intellectual disability anytime something interferes with normal brain development, intellectual disability can result however, a specific cause for intellectual disability can only be pinpointed about a third of the time the most common causes of intellectual disability are: genetic conditions. To insel, mental illnesses are no different from heart disease, diabetes or any other chronic illness all chronic diseases have behavioral components as well as biological components, he says the only difference here is that the organ of interest is the brain instead of the heart or pancreas.
Mental illness is any disease or condition that influences the way a person thinks, feels, behaves, and/or relates to others and to his or her surroundings although the symptoms of mental illness can range from mild to severe and are different depending on the type of mental illness, a person with. A specific genetic or other cause of mental retardation may also predispose to other medical or neurologic conditions in these circumstances, the comorbid medical conditions may increase the likelihood of emotional or behavioral problems, or contribute to the challenges with which a given child must contend. Hundreds of biological and clinical causes of mental retardation exist however, for 75% of mental retardation cases a cause cannot be identified the majority of people with mental retardation have mild retardation.
Causes of mental retardation what are the causes of intellectual disability the causes of intellectual disability can be divided into biomedical, social, behavioral, and educational risk. Mental retardation is a condition of arrested or incomplete development of the mind, which is especially characterized by impairment of skills manifested during the developmental period, which contribute to the overall level of intelligence, ie cognitive, language, motor, and social abilities. Intellectual disability, formerly known as mental retardation, is a disorder with onset during the developmental period it includes intellectual deficits and difficulty functioning in daily.